Emergency Calls to 9-1-1
Bicycle Safety Education
Calls to 9-1-1
In Arlington, 9-1-1 is the
all-purpose emergency number. It is not the
number to dial just for practice, to "see if it works," for
information, or as a joke or game.
adult to teach you how to use all types of telephones to dial
9-1-1: rotary, push button, cell and pay phones.
Reasons for calling 9-1-1 can include:
Someone is sick or hurt
Someone is seen hurting someone else
smell smoke or see a fire
see an accident
see a crime happening
see suspicious activity
calling 9-1-1, remember to:
Speak loudly and clearly
your full name, address, and phone number
Explain where you are and where the problem is
Follow all of the operatorís instruction carefully
Donít hang up until the operator tells you to!
9-1-1 on Cellular Phones: If you're in a
moving vehicle, first pull over and stop! Then, the operator
answering your call needs to know:
Where you are:
location, address, city, and landmarks
Who you are: your
full name and the cell phone's number
What are the
details of the emergency? Give a description of the the
vehicle you're in, or of the people involved in the emergency.
NOTE: This information is provided by
the Arlington Police Departmentís Crime Prevention Unit for
families who are forced into a "latch key" situation. It is not an endorsement
for leaving children home alone.
The number of "Latch Key Children" left at home alone to care for themselves
sometimes for younger siblings -- without adult supervision are on the rise.
Children caring for themselves and other children without adult
supervision are more likely to be involved in accidents, engage in delinquent
behavior, or be victimized. Parents who must leave their children
at home alone are rightly concerned with how well their children
can handle routine and emergency situations. Some children enjoy
caring for themselves and happily accept the added responsibility.
Other children become lonely, bored, and scared.
To improve their self-care skills, parents can create routines
that will help children avoid feeling lost or abandoned.
Teach them how to use the phone and answer the door. Talk about personal
safety at home and at school. Setting safety rules and limits
appropriate to the child's abilities can help build their
Daily Routine. Helping your child to establish a daily routine allows them to
plan activities that will keep them productively occupied and
entertained. Morning schedules may include such things as waking
up, time for breakfast, time to get dressed, time to complete
chores, and time to leave for school. An after-school schedule may
include checking in with a parent or another adult, time to eat a
snack, time for homework, recreation, time for chores, and time an
adult will return home.
For a child at home alone, a telephone is their link to the
outside world. While the telephone
can be used to report emergencies, it can also be used improperly
by people who may call to
see if the house is empty or if a child is home alone.
Teach children how to use all types of telephones
(rotary dial, push button, cell, and pay phones).
Have your children memorize their home phone number
(including the area code), a parentís work number, and the phone
number of a friend.
Be sure your children
know how to dial the correct emergency
number and that they remember the six steps used to report an
Post a list of
emergency phone numbers next to every phone in the house.
your children to not tell callers they're home alone! Discuss
how they can use "safe
statements" when theyíre home alone and they answer the
My mom is busy right now. Can she call you back?
My dad canít come to the phone right now. Can you call him
My mom is talking to a neighbor. Can you call her back?
Answering the Door Safely. It is always advisable for
your children to not allow
anyone (another child or adult) inside the house when
they're home alone. Make sure your child can see who's outside the
door. Again, teach your children to not tell visitors they're home
alone! Some basic safety tips include:
Always keep the door locked.
When someone knocks on the door, see who it is without
opening the door. If you do not see anyone, do not answer
Look through the viewer or window to see if the person
is a stranger or someone you know -- never open the door for
someone you donít know.
Ask, "Who is it?" without opening the door.
Never tell anyone youíre alone. Use a safe statement
- "My mother is busy right now."
- "My father canít come to the door right now."
Never hide a house key outside the house
-- someone else
may find it.
Never wear your house key outside your clothing for
others to see.
Talk about what to do if your house key is lost.
Other Things You Can Do to Feel Safe at Home.
Safety starts with you. These are some of the steps you can take
to protect yourself when you're home alone. These ideas work for
adults as well as children!
Check the outside of your home for signs of anything
unusual before going inside. If something doesn't look right, donít go in. Go to a neighborís
house and call 911.
Be sure all doors and windows are locked.
When going outside, always take your keys
and ensure that doors and windows are locked before
Turn on your
home's outside lights (porch lights) when it
starts to get dark.
If you go out after dark, leave a light on inside your
Keep your bike and toys inside your home when youíre
not using them.
Keep garage doors closed.
bicyclists are young and unfamiliar with laws and
rules for bicycling. Inexperience and lack of knowledge lead to
hundreds of deaths and thousands of bicycle related injuries each
year. This bicycle safety overview is designed to teach children
how to make safe and law-abiding choices as a bicycle operator.
Most bicycle crashes do not involve motor
of bicycle operatorsí injuries are due to falls from their
bikes as a result of unexpected crashes.
Traumatic brain injury can result from
falling off a bike. Falls can result from: loss of balance or control, sudden stops, loss of
traction on a slippery surface, or other unexpected
Wearing a bicycle helmet can reduce the
risk of head injuries by 95%.
To make safe choices a bicyclist must
understand bicycle safety LAWS, and obey all traffic
SIGNS and SIGNALS.
Remember: When operating a bicycle in traffic, you become a driver
who must obey all traffic signs and signals!
other traffic when stopping or turning by signaling with your left
hand and arm.
Ride as near to the right side of
the road as possible and travel in the same direction as vehicles.
Be careful when passing parked
vehicles or vehicles
traveling in the same direction.
Don't operate more than two bicycles
Don't ride double on bicycles not
built to carry two people, and ride only on the bicycle's regular
Don't "hitch" onto any other
Don't carry packages that prevent
you from keeping at least one hand on the bike's
Always be alert for traffic from all
Before leaving a driveway, alley, or
when crossing a street or road, STOP and look both ways. Wait for
motor vehicles and pedestrians to pass.
Let pedestrians go first at street
crossings and on sidewalks.
Get out of the street or roadway
when you hear an emergency vehicle's siren.
Don't race with others on a public
street or roadway.
Don't play riding games in the
street or roadway.
Always keep your bicycle in good
condition. You bike needs to have brakes that will skid the brake
wheel on dry, level pavement.
To operate after dark, your bicycle
must have a white light mounted on the front which can be seen at
least 500 feet away, and a red light mounted on the rear that can
be seen at least 500 feet away with a red reflector that can be
seen at least 300 feet away.
Wearing your bike helmet can save
your life. (Read more, below.)
The City of Arlington Bicycle
Effective January 1,
1998, all children under eighteen must wear an approved bicycle
helmet when operating a bicycle or riding as a passenger on a
bicycle in the City of Arlington. Look for helmets with seals of
approval from the the American National Safety Institute (ANSI),
the American Society for Testing and Material (ASTM), and the
Snell Memorial Foundation (Snell).
Child: means any
person less than eighteen (18) years of age. (Age 17 and younger.)
Adult: means any
individual eighteen (18) years of age are older.
fitted headgear that is not structurally damaged and that conforms
to the American National Safety Institute (ANSI), the American
Society for Testing and Material (ASTM), and the Snell Memorial
Foundation (Snell) or any federal agency regulating bicycle
need to be especially careful when they're
approached by a stranger. They must be familiar with the common tricks and
lures that a stranger can use to win their trust and friendship.
Parents need to teach and remind their children of the basic rules
for protecting themselves against strangers who mean them harm.
Most people in the world are strangers to us and
most are kind, law-abiding people. A stranger can be a man or
woman, and they can be nice or mean, good or bad. You cannot
tell good people from bad people by what they look like, only by
how they act.
What is a stranger?
A stranger is someone that you donít know, even if they know you.
What is an acquaintance?
Someone you know, but not very well.
Things that a dangerous stranger may say or do to a child:
Bribe: "Iíll give you a present (candy, money,
Assistance: "My dog is lost, will you help me find it?"
Attention / Affection:
"I won't like you anymore if you don't ...," or "You are my
Fear: "Iíll hurt your mommy and
daddy if you tell;" "No one will believe you;" or "I'll
go to jail if you tell!"
Psychological Intimidation: "Iím doing this because I love you;" "Itís okay to do this, everyone does it;" "This is our secret! No one will ever know;"
or "I wonít tell if you wonít tell."
Emergencies: "Your mom is sick, and she asked me to take
Lure of Opportunity
(Sexual Pedophile): Offenders promise the child modeling,
acting, or singing careers that end instead in child pornography
A teacher may use his or her authority to
abuse the child.
A relative my use his or her position to
trick the child into sex games.
A stranger can say he or she is a police
officer, fireman, preacher, doctor, or lawyer.
Fun and Games:
Playing "doctor," hide-and seek, tickling, or playing "mom and
are many other ways a stranger, an acquaintance, or even a trusted
adult can entice a child. Parents need to go over safety tips and play
"what if" games with their children.
are three things a child can do when approached by a stranger:
Say "No!" loudly and repeatedly;
physically away from the stranger; and then
Tell an adult.
Always take the same route to and from
Know where the nearest safe place is
located while walking to and from school. (A trusted
neighborhood parent/family, a fire station, police
station, church, community center).
Notice where pay phones are located
while walking to and from school in case you have to make
a call in an emergency.
If you ride a bike to school, keep it
locked with a sturdy lock in the school bicycle rack.
Write your name on your personal
possessions so that you can identify them if they are
Keep your money in your backpack until
it is needed.
Donít keep anything expensive or of
sentimental value inside your desk.
Keep away from strangers especially if
youíre in an area alone, around public restrooms,
playgrounds, and shopping mall, outside a building or even
while on a field trip. Report suspicious people, vehicles,
or activity to a teacher, parent, principal or trusted
Never accept a ride from anyone, unless
your parents have personally told you it was OK to ride
with that person at that particular time.
Go straight home from school, unless
your parents specifically gave you permission to go
Safety while Walking
When possible, avoid walking alone.
Walk with someone, or walk in areas where other people are
Stay in open areas, away from alleys,
bushes and entryways.
Avoid shortcuts through walking trails,
parks, vacant lots, and other deserted places.
Donít hitchhike or accept rides form
If someone follows you while walking,
donít go near him or her. Change directions or cross the
streets. If they continue to follow you, run to the
nearest business or residence and ask them for help.
If a driver stops to ask you
directions, avoid getting near the car.
If occupants of a car are harassing
you, turn and walk the other way.
Keep money safely concealed.
Always try to walk and play with
friends instead of walking and playing by yourself.
Let the adult responsible for you know
where you are at all times.
If someone tries to grab you, run away
and screamómake lots of noise.
If youíre in a shopping mall, grocery
store, or other public place and you get separated from
your parents, go to the nearest store or employee and tell
them youíve lost your mom or dad and you need help finding
Children think in literal terms. Be specific
about what you tell them. Set rules, limits, and policies that
best suits your family. Be clear and consistent. Build confidence
rather than scare tactics when teaching your children. Know the
families of the children your children interacts with.
Organize a secret code known only by you and your children if
there is a troubled situation.
Building a personal relationship with your children will aid their personal safety. It will also open
honest and caring communication between adults and children about
acceptable and unacceptable behaviors in people.